Girls body fat increases.
Boys muscle mass increases.
Girls breasts enlarge.
Boys genitals enlarge.
Both Boys and Girls voices lower, with the Boys voices lower much more.
Girls experience their first menstrual cycle (typically around the same time as their mother experiences her’s)
Body hair grows
Sweat glands become more active
Hormonal changes may cause acne
|Questioning of school and family rules|
Concrete thinking styles something is right or wrong, good or bad
Begin to think that bad things will not happen to them
Children in this stage believe that they are the center of attention, and therefore are painfully self- conscious. If a child has one pimple, they truly believe that the whole world is looking at it
|Begin to spend more time with|
friends and less time with family
Start to form an identity, through
hobbies, friends, school activities, clothes, hairstyles, music, etc
Moodiness is common throughout the search for an identity
Often push the limits of adults to
assert their independence
Have mixed feelings about breaking away from you. Daughters might want nothing to do with you one day, & never leave your side the next.
Spending a lot of time on the phone is normal and a way of developing social skills for adolescents
Facial hair begins to appear
Girls are usually at full development
Girls are very concerned with the
way they look.
More than 50% of high school girls are dieting
|Better at solving problems than|
younger teens, but are inconsistent. They tend to make rash decisions even though they weigh the consequences first
Organizational skills improve and are better at balancing school, activities, social life, and work
Attempt to answer the questions, Who am I? and What will I be? by exploring job and college options, religion, social and political issues.
Frequently question and challenge rules
|More self assured and thus are better at resisting peer pressure|
Spend even less time with family
Make close friends
Want control over more aspects of their lives
Are excited, but also overwhelmed about the future (college, workforce, military, moving away from home, marriage, etc)
Teens get depressed. However, like with adults if this lasts more than 2 weeks see a health care professional
Begin to have strong sexual urges and may become sexually active
Become aware of sexual orientation.