|Increased emotional awareness of self and others.|
Increased complexity in thinking about right and wrong: emphasis on fairness and intent.
Academic and social success at school has primary impact on self-concept.
Increased same sex identification.
|More awareness of own reactions to violence at home and of impact on others (e.g. concerns about mother’s safety, father being charged).|
Possibly more susceptible to adopting rationalizations heard to justify violence (e.g. alcohol causes violence; victim deserved abuse).
Ability to learn may be decreased due to impact of violence (e.g. distracted); may miss negatives or evoke negative feedback.
May learn gender roles associated with intimate partner abuse (e.g. males as perpetrators – females as victims.)