|Physical and Language||Emotional||Social|
|Birth to 3 month:|
Feedings: 5-8 per day
Sleep: 20 hrs per day
Sensory Capacities: makes basic distinctions in vision, hearing, smelling, tasting, touch, temperature, and perception of painMotor Ability: control of eye muscles, lifts head when on stomach.
Smiles at a Face
Fed by motherVisually fixates at a face, smiles at a face, may be soothed by rocking.
|4 to 6 months|
Sensory Capacities: localizes sounds
Sounds: babbling makes most vowels and about half of the consonants
Feedings: 3-5 per day
Motor Ability: control of head and arm movements, purposive grasping, rolls over.
|Enjoys being cuddled||Recognizes his mother.|
Distinguishes between familiar persons and trangers, no longer smiles indiscriminately. Expects feeding, dressing, and bathing.
|7 to 9 months|
Motor Ability: control of trunk and hands, sits without support, crawls about.
|Specific emotional attachment to mother, protests separation.||Enjoys “peek-a-boo”|
|10 to 12 months|
Motor Ability: control of legs and feet, stands, apposition of thumb and fore-finger.
Language: says one or two words, imitates sounds, and responds to simple commands.
Feedings: 3 meals, 2 snacks
Sleep: 12 hours, 2 naps
Fear of strangers
|Responsive to own name. Wave|
bye-bye. Plays pat-a-cake,
understands “no-no!” Gives and
|1 to 1 ½ years|
Motor Ability: creeps up stairs, walks (10-20 min), and makes lines on paper with crayon.
|Dependent Behavior Very upset if separated from mom Fear of Bath||Obeys limited commands.|
Repeats a few words. Interested in his mirror image. Feeds himself.
|1 ½ to 2 years|
Motor Ability: runs, kicks a ball, and builds 6 cube tower (2yrs)
Language: vocabulary of more than 200 words
Sleep: 12 hours at night, 1-2 hr nap
|Temper tantrums (1-3yrs)|
Resentment of new baby
|Does opposite of what he is told|
|2 to 3 years|
Motor Ability: jumps off a step, rides a tricycle, uses crayons, builds a 9-10 cube tower.
Language: starts to use short sentences controls and explores world with language, stuttering may appear briefly.
|Fear of separation|
Negativistic (2 ½ yrs)
Violent emotions, anger Differentiates facial expressions of anger, sorrow, and joy.
Sense of humor (Plays tricks)
|Talks, uses “I” “me” “you” Copies|
parents’ actions. Dependent,
possessive about toys, enjoys
playing alongside another child.
Resists parental demands. Gives orders. Rigid insistence on sameness of routine. Inability to make decisions.
|3 to 4 years|
Motor Ability: Stands on one leg, jumps up and down, draws a circle and a cross (4 yrs) Self-sufficient in many routines of home life.
|Affectionate toward parents.|
Pleasure in genital manipulation Romantic attachment to parent of
opposite sex (3 to 5 yrs)
Jealousy of same-sex parent.
Imaginary fears of dark, injury, etc. (3 to 5 years)
|Likes to share, uses “we”|
Cooperative play with other
children, nursery school. Imitates
parents. Beginning of
identification with same-sex
parent, Intense curiosity & interest
in other children’s bodies.
|4 to 5 years|
Motor ability: mature motor control, skips, broad jumps, dresses himself, copies a square and a triangle.
Language: talks clearly, uses adult speech sounds, has mastered basic grammar, relates a story, knows over 2,000 words (5 yrs)
|Responsibility and guilt|
Feels pride in accomplishment
|Prefers to play with other children,|
becomes competitive prefers sex-